Important Role of Ethical Hacking And Skills Needed

The word hacker has always been synonymous with negative imagery in the internet world. But did you know that there are also hackers who have good motives, notifying the security vulnerabilities of a system known as Ethical Hacking. Here is complete information about Ethical Hacking and its important role in a system or website. 

What is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking is a form of official practice usually practiced by Cyber Security Engineers in a company or organization, to identify potential threats and data breaches in the network. Through this practice, cyber security engineers will be tasked with investigating networks in search of weak spots that could possibly be infiltrated by black hat or malicious hackers. Ethical hacking or white hat is what will analyze and collect information to find ways to strengthen the security of a system, network or application. In addition, the duties of ethical hackers also include: 

  • Perform multiple penetration tests on the system. 
  • Review and assess network security. 
  • Research the company's systems, network structure, and possible penetration sites. 
  • Give advice for increased security. 
  • Perform penetration tests after new security features are implemented.
  • Prepare penetration test reports to clients or companies. 
  • Identify high-level security areas.

When looking at the roles and tasks above, it can be concluded that what is done by ethical hackers includes legal practices.

Skills needed to become Ethical Hacking 

To become a reliable Ethical Hacking, you need to have some skills that will be needed during your work process. 

Not only have in-depth knowledge of coding, network security, and systems, some of the skills below you also need to have. 

  • Knowledge of networking becomes one of the skills needed by Ethical Hacking. Most of the threats come from the network.  Therefore, you should know about all the devices in the network how they are connected and can be identified when infiltrated by networks that are considered unsafe.
  • Have knowledge of Unix, Window, Linux and others platforms. 
  • Having programming knowledge is also indispensable for those working in the field of application security or Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). 
  • Have knowledge of search engines and servers. 
  • Knowledge of scripts is also not spared needed by white hat if the type of attack is in the form of a host or network. 
  • Understand how to use hacking tools that are often used. 
Another skill required by Ethical Hacking is the ability about databases, especially about database management systems such as SQL to check operations performed in a database.

Types of hackers 

In addition to Black Hat and White Hat Hacker, there are also other terms for types of hackers that are interesting for you to know. So that you can get to know the role of each hacker, here is more information: 

1. Black Hat Hacker
Black Hat type hackers or known as malicious hackers have a motive to do hacking for financial gain. They usually look for business security loopholes to get information about bank accounts to confidential data. This data will then be sold in the black market or extort its victims to send some money. 

2. Grey Hat Hacker
Unlike Black Hat who have a criminal motive to enrich themselves, Grey Hat is quite the opposite. They do hacking with the aim of getting personal satisfaction. Find a loophole in the security of a system, then notify the business. Although what Grey Hat does seems good, but this practice is illegal because it is not allowed by previous businesses. 

3. Blue Hat Hacker
Blue Hat hackers commit criminal practices on the impulse of revenge against a company or business. 
They practice it by taking existing code for malware and viruses found online, then modifying it to carry out hacking. This code will usually be targeted to individuals or businesses that harm the Blue Hat Hacker. 

4. White Hat Hacker 
As is known above, White Hat Hacker or Ethical Hacking exists because it aims to tell businesses to find gaps in the security of a system so as not to be easily infiltrated by malicious hackers. Now you know what ethical hacking and skills are needed, right? From the description of skills above, it is seen that Ethical Hacking is a fairly challenging field because it requires knowledge of all forms of networks and systems. 

Even so, for those of you who are interested in working in this field, of course everything can be learned slowly. In fact, it would be even better if you can also have a special certification in the realm of Ethical Hacking. 

Some ethical hacking certification recommendations such as The Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP), The Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC), and The Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH). 

By participating in one of the certification programs above, it is expected that your ability as an Ethical Hacking or Cyber Security Engineer can be recognized in the professional world and make you a reliable candidate. 

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